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essay寫作中副詞的各種形式你了解嗎?

發表時間:2018-03-17

essay寫作中副詞的各種形式你了解嗎?

很多留學生在essay寫作中對于語法的運用還略顯生疏,今天Meeloun小編就給同學們分享在essay寫作中副詞的各種形式,相信這些對你的論文會有所幫助!

      修飾
      副詞是修飾
      ? 動詞(He drove slowly. — 他怎么開車的?)
      ? 形容詞(He drove a very fast car. 他開的有多快?)
      ? 另一個副(He moved quite slowly down the aisle. 她動的有多慢?)
      Adverbs are words that modify
      a verb (He drove slowly. — How did he drive?)
      an adjective (He drove a very fast car. — How fast was his car?)
      another adverb (She moved quite slowly down the aisle. — How slowly did she move?)

      形容
      如上所述,副詞經常用來形容時間,地點,原因,或在什么情況下一些事發生了。副詞通常用-ly結尾;然而許多不以-ly結尾的單詞或短語用充當著副詞的作用而一些以-ly結尾的詞也不一定是副詞。就像:lovely, lonely, motherly, friendly, neighborly,就是形容詞。
      That lovely woman lives in a friendly neighborhood.
      As we will see, adverbs often tell when, where, why, or under what conditions something happens or happened. 
      Adverbs frequently end in -ly; however, many words and phrases not ending in -ly serve an adverbial function and an -ly ending is not a guarantee that a word is an adverb. 
      The words lovely, lonely, motherly, friendly, neighborly, for instance, are adjectives.
      狀語從句
      ?When this class is over, we're going to the movies.
      If a group of words containing a subject and verb acts as an adverb (modifying the verb of a sentence), it is called an Adverb Clause:
      When this class is over, we're going to the movies.

      短語
      如果一個不包含主語和謂語的短語充當著副詞的作用,它被稱作副詞短語
      ? He went to the movies.
      ? She works on holiday.
      ? They lived in Canada during the war.
      另外,動詞不定式也能充當副詞(經常解釋原因):
      ?    She hurried to the mainland to see her brother.
      ?    The senator ran to catch the bus. 
      但也有其他種類的副詞短語
      ? He calls his mother as often as possible.
      And Infinitive phrases can act as adverbs (usually telling why):
      ?    She hurried to the mainland to see her brother.
      ?    The senator ran to catch the bus.

      But there are other kinds of adverbial phrases:
      ?    He calls his mother as often as possible.

      修飾
      副詞可以修飾形容詞,但是形容詞不能修飾副詞。所以我們會用“The student showed a really wonderful attitude.”
      或 “the students showed a wonderfully casual attitude” 
      或 my professor is really tall, but not "He ran real fast.” 
      和形容詞一樣,副詞也有比較級和最高級來形容程度。
      ?    Walk faster if you want to keep up with me.
      ?    The student who reads fastest will finish first.

      Adverbs can modify adjectives, but an adjective cannot modify an adverb. Thus we would say that "the students showed a really wonderful attitude" and that "the students showed a wonderfully casual attitude" and that "my professor is really tall, but not "He ran real fast."
      Like adjectives, adverbs can have comparative and superlative forms to show degree.
      Walk faster if you want to keep up with me.
      The student who reads fastest will finish first.

      程度
      我們常用more,most,less和least來表示副詞的程度
      ?   With sneakers on, she could move more quickly among the patients.
      ?   The flowers were the most beautifully arranged creations I've ever seen.
      ?    She worked less confidently after her accident.
      ?    That was the least skillfully done performance I've seen in years.

      as—as的結構可以用來創作用來表示相同程度的副詞:“He can’t run as fast as his sister.”

      We often use more and most, less and least to show degree with adverbs:
      ?   With sneakers on, she could move more quickly among the patients.
      ?  The flowers were the most beautifully arranged creations I've ever seen.
      ?  She worked less confidently after her accident.
      That was the least skillfully done performance I've seen in years.

      The as — as construction can be used to create adverbs that express sameness or equality: "He can't run as fast as his sister."

      形式
      有一些副詞有兩種形式,一種以-ly結尾,另一種不是,在一些情況里,兩種形式有著不一樣的意思。
      ?    He arrived late.
      ?   Lately, he couldn't seem to be on time for anything.
 
      然而在大多數情況下,一般用沒有-ly結尾的形式
      ?   She certainly drives slow in that old Buick of hers.
      ?   He did wrong by her.
      ?   He spoke sharp, quick, and to the point.
      A handful of adverbs have two forms, one that ends in -ly and one that doesn't. In certain cases, the two forms have different meanings:
      ?  He arrived late.
      ?  Lately, he couldn't seem to be on time for anything.
      In most cases, however, the form without the -ly ending should be reserved for casual situations:
      ?  She certainly drives slow in that old Buick of hers.
      ?  He did wrong by her.
      ?  He spoke sharp, quick, and to the point.
      副詞經常被用作增強器,用以一種更強或更弱的表達。
       
      增強器有三種功能:可以強調,擴大,或減弱。例子如下:
      強調:
      ? I really don't believe him.
      ? He literally wrecked his mother's car.
      ? She simply ignored me.
      ? They're going to be late, for sure.
      擴大:
      ? The teacher completely rejected her proposal.
      ? I absolutely refuse to attend any more faculty meetings.
      ? They heartily endorsed the new restaurant.
      ? I so wanted to go with them.
      ? We know this city well.
      減弱:
      ? I kind of like this college.
      ? Joe sort of felt betrayed by his sister.
      ? His mother mildly disapproved his actions.
      ? We can improve on this to some extent.
      ? The boss almost quit after that.
      ? The school was all but ruined by the storm.

      伴隨
      副詞(形容詞也是)在不同的程度可以伴隨有前置定語
      ?    She runs very fast.
      ?    We're going to run out of material all the faster.
      Adverbs (as well as adjectives) in their various degrees can be accompanied by premodifiers:
      ?    She runs very fast.
      ?    We're going to run out of material all the faster

essay寫作中副詞的各種形式你了解嗎?
      以上就是Meeloun分享的關于副詞的各種形式,后面我們還會更新副詞在essay寫作中的各種運用,感興趣的同學可以持續關注哦!你只需動動鼠標,或者動動拇指,就能輕松解決各種留學的難題。留學咨詢、留學申請、留學文書、材料翻譯,我們的服務都是全年無休的,品質和效率都能滿足您的需求。

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