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Meeloun分享書信類論文的基本框架和必備句型

發表時間:2018-03-24

書信類論文的基本框架和必備句型

在國外留學的同學們接觸過書信類論文么?大家首先需要知道的是一個更加基礎的內容,就是書信的基本框架到底是什么?寫信的時候,哪些句型表達是必備的。今天Meeloun小編就先把最基礎的框架和常用句型為你收集在一起,希望幫助你最快速地了解題型和文章框架。

      ▍ 出題方式

      一個典型的小論文題目,都會有下面的 6 個內容
      ① You are working for a company.
      ② You need to take some time off work and want to ask your manager about this.
      ③ Write a letter to your manager. In your letter
      ④ explain why you want to take time off work
      ⑤ give details of the amount of time you need
      ⑥ suggest how your work could be covered while you are away
      1. 背景設定
      2. 概括性的總要求
      3. 寫信對象
      4/ 5/ 6. 三個具體的細節要求

      雖然好像限定很多,但是,其實最核心的部分,通常是開放式的。比如上面的例題中,我們要寫請假的一封信。之于我們為什么請假,完全由你自由發揮。

      可以是因為生病、因為要參加朋友婚禮、要出去玩、要回老家、要參加會議、要結婚、要去拿畢業證書、參加孩子的畢業典禮,等等。

      并且,完全不必是真實情況,你怎么好寫怎么寫,保證編出來的故事是合理的就好。

      ▍ 基本信件類型

      信件類型的分類,每個老師或許有些差別。我自己是分為三個大的類型:

      積極信:感謝/ 推薦/ 邀請
      消極信:抱怨/ 歉意/ 謝絕
      中立信:說明/ 建議/ 獲取

      其中,老師經常布置的是最后一大類,相對比較情感中立的主題。

      ▍ 基本文章結構

      稱謂
      引入語(直接表達寫信目的)
      主體段1-3:回答問題1-3
      結尾
      結束語

      范文參考
      Dear Rose,

      I am writing to request some unpaidleave next month.

      My parents’ 50th wedding anniversary ison April 21st, and they are planning to celebrate this significant achievementwith all their children and grandchildren. To do this, they have rented a housebig enough to accommodate the whole family.

      To participate in this special occasion,I would need to be away from work for four days, from Monday 19th to Thursday23rd. My schedule for that week is relatively light, apart from two meetingswith clients. Helen would be able to attend these in my place, as she has hadprevious dealings with both companies and knows the relevant staff there. Ihave no other urgent work commitments at that time.

      I would be very grateful if you couldallow me this time. These few days are very important to my parents and thewhole family, and it would be a way to thank them for all the support they havegiven me.

      Best wishes,

      Steve

      ▍ 必備句式和基本表達

      稱謂

      Dear Sir or Madam,  不知道是誰會看信時
      Dear Mr./ Ms./ Prof/ Dr (Surname), 知道是誰會看信時
      Dear (name), 熟人時

      引入語

      I am writing to you because/ to let you know that/ to advise you/ in reply to your recent letter in which you told mesth.
      I am anxious to obtain some information from you about …
      It is with regard that I write you advising you
      I regret to/ am sorry to inform your/ let you know that …
      As you are probably already aware that …

      中間段

      依次根據題目要求,回答三個問題,一般是每個問題各成一段。由于不同的問題,對于內容的要求不一樣,在此沒有通用句型提供給大家。以后的推送,會根據不同的問題角度,分開為大家提供素材。

      單個主題段的篇幅不需要完全一樣,有些問題相對更好回答,則更長一些,有些簡單問題,簡單回答,1-2 句話,也是完全可以的。

      結尾段

      期待回復
      I look forward to your reply.
      I look forward to hearing from you in the future.
      Looking forward to your early reply and thanks for your great effort to deal with it.

      速回
      I hope to hear from you shortly.
      I await your reply in anticipation.
      I would be very grateful if you would attend to this matter as soon as possible.

      謝啦
      Thank you for your co-operation in this matter.

      有問題再聯系
      Please do not hesitate to contact me if you have any queries about this matter.

      抱歉給您添麻煩了
      I’m sorry to have cause you any trouble and I hope that you will understand.

      結束語

      Yours sincerely,
      Yours faithfully,
      Best wishes,
      Best regards,

      總結一下,寫好一篇好的書信,我們需要做到的三個最核心要素是:

      結構完整
      充分完成三個小要求
      內容、語氣合理

      對于其他格式的論文來講,我覺得書信格式的論文還是比較輕松,并且好操作的。當我們把所有的故事細節、具體描述都加進去,一篇長度適中,內容豐富,合情合理的小論文就搞定了。對此還有相關疑問的同學可以聯系我們的客服哦!美倫現旗下寫手超過400名,海龜碩博占據50%以上,更多寫手資源正在火熱招募中。美倫以質量為根本,誠信服務,嚴格執行雙重審稿與檢測,保證每一篇稿子都是精心原創并符合學科的需求,保障了留學生論文作業的通過率。

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