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      ▍ 出題方式

      一個典型的小論文題目,都會有下面的 6 個內容
      ① You are working for a company.
      ② You need to take some time off work and want to ask your manager about this.
      ③ Write a letter to your manager. In your letter
      ④ explain why you want to take time off work
      ⑤ give details of the amount of time you need
      ⑥ suggest how your work could be covered while you are away
      1. 背景設定
      2. 概括性的總要求
      3. 寫信對象
      4/ 5/ 6. 三個具體的細節要求




      ▍ 基本信件類型


      積極信:感謝/ 推薦/ 邀請
      消極信:抱怨/ 歉意/ 謝絕
      中立信:說明/ 建議/ 獲取


      ▍ 基本文章結構


      Dear Rose,

      I am writing to request some unpaidleave next month.

      My parents’ 50th wedding anniversary ison April 21st, and they are planning to celebrate this significant achievementwith all their children and grandchildren. To do this, they have rented a housebig enough to accommodate the whole family.

      To participate in this special occasion,I would need to be away from work for four days, from Monday 19th to Thursday23rd. My schedule for that week is relatively light, apart from two meetingswith clients. Helen would be able to attend these in my place, as she has hadprevious dealings with both companies and knows the relevant staff there. Ihave no other urgent work commitments at that time.

      I would be very grateful if you couldallow me this time. These few days are very important to my parents and thewhole family, and it would be a way to thank them for all the support they havegiven me.

      Best wishes,


      ▍ 必備句式和基本表達


      Dear Sir or Madam,  不知道是誰會看信時
      Dear Mr./ Ms./ Prof/ Dr (Surname), 知道是誰會看信時
      Dear (name), 熟人時


      I am writing to you because/ to let you know that/ to advise you/ in reply to your recent letter in which you told mesth.
      I am anxious to obtain some information from you about …
      It is with regard that I write you advising you
      I regret to/ am sorry to inform your/ let you know that …
      As you are probably already aware that …



      單個主題段的篇幅不需要完全一樣,有些問題相對更好回答,則更長一些,有些簡單問題,簡單回答,1-2 句話,也是完全可以的。


      I look forward to your reply.
      I look forward to hearing from you in the future.
      Looking forward to your early reply and thanks for your great effort to deal with it.

      I hope to hear from you shortly.
      I await your reply in anticipation.
      I would be very grateful if you would attend to this matter as soon as possible.

      Thank you for your co-operation in this matter.

      Please do not hesitate to contact me if you have any queries about this matter.

      I’m sorry to have cause you any trouble and I hope that you will understand.


      Yours sincerely,
      Yours faithfully,
      Best wishes,
      Best regards,