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Final季,又到了寫Literature Review的時候了

發表時間:2018-04-24

Final季,又到了寫Literature Review的時候了
      時至5月,想必有一批同學已經開始變得忙碌起來,每天的生活開始變成宿舍——圖書館——衛生間三點一線,因為要忙著寫畢業論文了!部分大學已經選完或者已經被分配了導師,有些大學已經開放導師選擇。Meelun小編相信很多同學現在都對畢業論文懷著躍躍欲試又忐忑的心情。一方面希望通過一篇完美的畢業論文為自己的留學生涯畫上一個圓滿的句號,另一方面又有些迷茫,究竟該怎么寫畢業論文,結構又是什么,與其他論文又有什么不同等等一大波問題亟需解決.

      在這Final季,美倫論文網會推出一系列文章為大家講解畢業論文的結構,分為哪幾個部分,以及每一部分改如何寫作,希望大家持續關注我們。

     畢業論文和我們平時寫的assignment相比,結構更為豐富,一共包含6個部分,分別是Introduction, Literature Review,Methodology, Findings, Discussion and Conclusions,毫無疑問,整個畢業論文的核心便是Literature Review,Methodology, Findings, Discussion這四個部分。今天我們就先來看看文獻綜述(Literature Review)怎么寫。

      首先來看看文獻綜述到底是什么。簡言之

     “ 文獻綜述是對被學術界認可的學者和研究人員就某一主題發表的內容進行說明和評價。

      因此,文獻綜述應該向讀者(導師)傳達出你所選擇的研究課題(topic)已經建立的知識和想法,同時通過文獻綜述中對reference的討論研究課題的主要學術來源。

      e.g. Many earlier studies of purchasing behavior identified two orientations of hedonic shopping and utilitarian shopping which means shopping for fun, experience or shopping rationally and process-oriented approach to shopping (Hirschman and Holbrook, 1982:92; Babin et al. 1994:644). Recent studies add more variations to analyze purchasing behavior. Gon?alves and Sampaio (2012:1525) took gender, income, age and involvement as moderating variables for the investigation of credit card loyalty.

      此外,在文獻綜述中還要對你所選擇文獻的長處(strengths)局限性(weakness)進行評述,以便向導師展示這些出現在你畢設中的文獻真的被你仔細認真的研究過。

      下面就來看看,文獻綜述的目的是什么,也是在寫這部分的時候都應該包含哪些內容。

      文獻綜述指南(guidance)

/ 01 /
比較和對比不同研究者對某個問題的看法

      相反的觀點:e.g. Through analysis of 250 questionnaires toward one US college students about purchasing behavior of jeans, Bahng et al. (2013:367) considered major, gender and age as variables and pointed out that college students could be divided into three shopping styles. …… On the contrary, Osman et al. (2011:78) claimed that there was no significant difference between gender and buying behavior in university students.

      同時也需要展示不同研究者中相似的觀點,看法。

/ 02 /
批判性地評價其他作家的想法

      e.g. However, the respondents interviewed in existing article were in age of 14 to 18, and particular product has been used during the investigation. It could hypothesize international university students from UK might have similar result but brand image might have larger influence to university students as they grew older.

/ 03 /
突出研究中的gap

      e.g. These previous researches only concerned with students in different countries and not include international students attitude.

/ 04 /
顯示你的研究如何與之前的研究相關

       e.g. This research will investigate what factors that effects common attitude difference toward brand named products in international students. Therefore, previous researches could inform and guide the research or international students in UK, as gender, age, major, income (monthly expenditure)……

/ 05 /
以及定義并限制你即將著手要的問題

      e.g. This research will also investigate effect of advertising and sales promotion in international university students in UK, and investigate which is the most effective for these students.

/ 06/
 確定可能與您的項目相關的信息和想法

      如果同學們寫的literature review包含了上述所有的目的且邏輯清晰,那整片畢業論文妥妥的有了A的底色~


      1.文獻綜述不是
      一個接一個地描述或總結一篇文獻的清單。
      也要避免每一段都出現研究人員名字的堆砌。

      2. 鏈接詞很重要
      - 對具有相似觀點的研究者進行分組的詞匯包括:similarly, in addition, also
      - 對具有相反觀點的研究者進行分組的詞匯包括:however, on the other hand, in contrast, nevertheless

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