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北美APA格式Essay代寫引用書籍Reference寫作教程

發表時間:2018-10-10 08:38:55

北美APA格式Essay代寫引用書籍Reference寫作教程
      我們中國留學生在北美留學期間遇到的最多的essay格式無非是APA,MLA以及Harvard Style. 很多新同學都不知道不同格式下的essay應該怎么寫,紛紛選擇了北美essay代寫機構來為自己完成。鑒于我們留學生寫essay引用最多來源是書籍,本文中我們就以APA格式為例較為詳細的為大家分析使用書籍作為引用來源的時候in-text citation以及reference list寫作教程,希望對大家有所幫助。

      要是使用APA格式時, 首先確認所使用資料的類型, 再依據下方對應格式進行編輯 ?!拘杼貏e留意斜體 & 標點符號】

書籍(Print & Online)

      單作者(Single author)

      In-text citation

      Components: 
      (Author Surname, Year) 

      Examples: 
      The environmental aspects of… (Calder, 2009) 
      Calder (2009) states that … 

      Reference list

      Components: 
      Author Surname,Author Initial.(year).Title(Edition).Place of Publication:Publisher.

      Example:
      Calder,A.(2009).Compliance for green IT:A pocket guide.Ely,England:IT Governance.

      兩位作者(Two authors)

      In-text citation

      Components: 
      (Author Surnames, Year) 

      Examples: 
      The research challenges…(Bernstein & Tiegerman, 1989) 
       Bernstein and Tiegerman (1989) have illustrated… 

      Reference list

      Components: 
      Author A Surname,Author A Initial.,& Author B Surnmane,Author B Initial.(year).Title(Edition).Place of Publication:Publisher.

      Example:
      Bernstein,D.K.,& Tiegerman,E.(1989).Language and communication disorders in children(2nd ed.).Columbus,OH:Merrill.

      三~五位作者(Three to five authors)

      In-text citation

      Components:
      (Author Surnames, Year) (first citation) 
      (First Author Surname et al., Year) (subsequent citation)

      Examples: 
      (Curwen, Palmer, & Ruddell, 2000) (first citation) 
      (Curwen et al., 2000) (subsequent citations)

      Reference list

      Components:
      Author A surname,Author A Initial.,Author B Surname,Author B Initial.,Author C Surname,Author C Initial.,Author D surname,Author D 
                 Initial.,& Author E Surname,Author E Initial.(Year).Title(Edition).Place of Publication:Publisher.

       Examples: 
       Curwen,b.,Palmer,S.,& Ruddell,P.(2000).Brief cognitive behaviour theeapy(Brief 
                   Therapies Series).London,England:Sage.

      六位以上作者(Six or more authors)

      In-text citation

      Components (six or more authors): 
      (First Author Surname et al., Year) 

      Examples:
      (Midgley et al., 2000) 
      Midgley et al. (2000) states that …

      Reference list

      Components (more than seven authors): 
      Author A surname,Author A Initial.,Author B Surname,Author B Initial.,Author C Surname,Author C Initial.,Author D surname,Author D 
                Initial.,& Author E Surname,Author E Initial.,Author F Surname,Author F Initial.,...Author(Last)Surname,Author(Last)Initial.
                (Year).Title(Edition).Place of Publication:Publisher.

       Examples:
      Midgley,C.,Marhr,M.l.,Hruda,L.,Anderman,E.M.,Freeman,K.E.,Gheen,M.,...Urdan,T.(2000).Manual for the patterns of adaptive learning 
                  scales(PALS).Ann Arbor:University of Michigan.

     

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