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關于Essay寫作正文(Body)部分的詳解

發表時間:2019-05-08 09:05:23

       在之前小編已經分享過很多關于Essay寫作的文章了,而今天主要來和大家聊一聊關于Essay寫作正文(Body)部分的詳解。

關于Essay寫作正文(Body)部分的詳解

關于Essay寫作正文(Body)部分的詳解

       正文在essay中主要是用來闡述文章的中心思想或者主題,他在文中的比重是最大也是最重要的一部分。他需要由幾段內容構成,每一段則稱之為:body paragraph。接下來我們一起看一看body paragraph的兩種組成結構:

       TAXES式:

       ?Topic Sentence(主題句):一句話闡述此段的論點

       ?Assertion statements(主張句):用幾句話闡明論點

       ?eXample(例子):舉例一些相關事實

       ?Explanation(解釋):聯系觀點和例子,說明上面的例子是如何支持論點的。

       ?Significance(意義):總結闡釋本段論點是怎么論證文章主題的。

       Hamburger paragraph式:

       ?Topic Sentence(主題句):用一個中心提出觀點

       ?Supporting Evidence(支持論據):用事例來證明

       ?Conclusion Sentence(總結句):扣住觀點分析材料

       接下來,我們再說一些重點。

       Topic Sentence的寫作要點

       第一,要弄清楚主題句是在表達一個觀點,而不是事實。

       錯誤 事實:Plagiarizing is to steal and pass off the ideas or words of another as one's own.

       正確 觀點:People can avoid plagiarizing by taking certain precautions.

       第二,主題句要具體點明一個觀點,而不是只是說一個話題、

       錯誤 話題:Today I'm going to discuss the benefits of gardening.

       正確 觀點:Gardening gives us pleasure and is very effective to our minds.

       最后,你的觀點不能使泛泛而談,而是非常確定的,不能模糊。

       錯誤 模糊:The United States suffered a lot during the Civil War.

       正確 確切:Sherman's destruction in the South during the Civil War also caused incredible suffering.

       如何引用論據

       有一個原則是我們要遵守的,所有列舉的論據,都必須要保證與主題有關。

       論據包含以下幾種類型:

       ?Research data(研究數據)

       ?Published case studies(公開的案例研究)

       ?Published opinions(發表的觀點)

       ?Facts(事實)

       ?Research from books,journal articles,websites,etc.(書刊、網站等媒體上的調查研究)

       論據的引述方法:

       Summarising(概括):用簡潔的語言概括原本的信息

       Quoting(引用):逐字逐句地復制原本的信息

       Paraphrasing(復述):重新組織原本的信息

       并且我們還需要記住兩個重點:1、論據要自然地穿插于文中;2.切記一定要標明論據的來源。

       比如下面例子中的表達:

       Further insight into income inequality is provided by Dr.Delaney,an economist at Stanford,who is of the opinion that…

       重要的過渡

       文章的段落與段落之間、句與句之間,都需要良好的過渡。

       過渡能夠讓文章具有連貫性和統一性,沒有過渡的文章就是句子隨機拼湊在一起,文中的邏輯很難叫人領會。

       錯誤 無過渡:Students who write academic essays need to provide effective transitions.Transitions allow writers to connect the main ideas that are present in an essay.Using conjunctive adverbs and other introductory elements allow a writer to connect one sentence to the next.The use of these words will make the writing more fluent and less choppy.Many students fail to use effective transitions,and the essay comes across as disconnected.Writers should always be aware of the need to connect both sentences and paragraphs together.

       正確 有過渡:Students who write academic essays need to provide effective transitions.It is the use of these transitions that allow writers to connect the main ideas that are present in an essay.For example,by using conjunctive adverbs and other introductory elements,a writer can easily connect one sentence to the next.Moreover,the use of these words will make the writing more fluent and less choppy.Unfortunately,students often fail to use effective transitions,and,as a result,the essay comes across as disconnected.To avoid this,writers should always be aware of the need to connect both sentences and paragraphs together,and they should strive to find creative ways to do so.

       加了過渡詞以后,整篇文章連貫了很多,所以在文章初稿寫完以后,還要再通讀一遍,在不夠連貫的地方加上適當的過渡。

       以上就是關于Essay寫作正文(Body)部分的詳解,希望對同學們今后的寫作有所幫助。另外meeloun最近正在舉辦十周年慶典,活動力度超大,詳情請關注我們Meeloun官網獲取哦。

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