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Report格式之逗號使用規范

發表時間:2019-05-20 10:37:57

      Report寫作中,逗號被用來分隔分句和短語。由于國內傳統英語寫作教學中沒有對標點進行系統的指導加上對Report格式知之甚少,導致很多同學在Report寫作中使用標點時「隨性而為」,「憑感覺」做判斷,給教授留下「不嚴謹」、「不規范」的不良印象,豈不是辜負了自己苦心費力寫出的Report?

Report格式之逗號使用規范
Report格式之逗號使用規范
      本文Meeloun論文網就根據學生論文中經常出現的錯誤來聊聊“逗號”的一些使用規范。

     逗號使用規范


      Report寫作句子中包含數量≥3的單詞,詞組或者分句時,用逗號將其分隔開來。特別是在連接最后一個要素的并列詞之前也加上逗號。

      例如:

      Demand for irrigation water is mainly influenced by climate change, the scale and patterns of crop planting, the use of water saving technologies and other such factors. 

      標點符號應改為:

      Demand for irrigation water is mainly influenced by climate change, the scale and patterns of crop planting, the use of water saving technologies , and other such factors.

      推薦表達為:

      Demand of irrigation water is mainly influenced by climate change, the scale and patterns of crop planting, the use of water saving technologies , and other factors (and so on).

     逗號使用規范


      句子中連續的詞組或者分句最后是以表繼續或者省略的詞組結束時,例如「and so forth」「and so on」「and the like」這樣的詞組,需在其前面加上逗號。若這類詞組后面還接有其它句子成分,則可酌情添加逗號來避免歧義。

      例如:

      Using such techniques, management can improve not only productivity but also hours, working conditions, training, benefits , and so on, without reducing wages.

     逗號使用規范


      非限制定語短語出現在句子中需用逗號分隔。
 
      例如:

      The professor, wearing a blue hat, attended the conference. 此處「wearing a blue hat」為非限制定語短語,用逗號分隔;

      The lady wearing a blue hat is the professor. 此處「wearing a blue hat」為限制性修飾,勿使用逗號。

     逗號使用規范


      介紹性的詞組,例如「for instance, for example, in other words,that is」出現在句首時,后面需加逗號;若出現在句中,則前后都使用逗號來進行分隔。

      例如:

      That is, researchers still have hunches and use exploratory methods.

      Some methods, however, are particularly well suited to applying all three, for example, grounded theory as explained by……

     逗號使用規范


      句子中出現的連接副詞,或者副詞詞組,都需要用逗號分隔。

      例如:

      Nevertheless, it is a matter of great significance.

      Recently a signi?cant effort to model these systems has also examined, in particular, the role of this element in determining the behavior of……

      逗號使用規范


      復合句中的并列詞,類似「and, but, or, so, yet」等,連接兩個獨立句子并且這兩個句子在含義上需要一個停頓的話,我們在這些并列詞前面需加上逗號。但是如果并列詞連接的是并列主語或者謂語則不用加逗號。

      例如:

      Therefore, exploring the factors that influence the irrigation water demand, and quantifying their contribution to that demand could provide insights on controlling the scale of agriculture.

      應修改為: 

      Therefore, exploring the factors that influence the irrigation water demand and quantifying their contribution to that demand could provide insights on controlling the scale of agriculture.

      此處「exploring the factors that influence the irrigation water demand」和「quantifying their contribution to that demand」為該句的并列主語,用 and 連接但是不加逗號。

      以上是大家在report寫作格式之中容易忽視的一些關于逗號的用法規范,希望大家要引起重視。歡迎有需要report代寫的同學們聯系網站客服提交report代寫要求,我們將為大家提供原創report代寫服務,100%通過保證,100%滿意售后,趕緊聯系我們的客服MM吧~

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