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Essay Proofreading中常見的錯句類型分析

發表時間:2019-06-26 09:04:38

      常說論文寫作表達要簡單流暢符合語法規范,可是,怎么判斷哪些句子不對?怎么判斷句子什么地方有問題?怎么把錯誤的地方改正?這時候就需要同學們多多實戰練習了。這回Meeloun小編就來把12類常見的錯句類型改正確。來幫助大家順利做好Essay Proofreading,寫作再也不怕被扣分!

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      1.SENTENCE FRAGMENTS 不完整的句子

      標點符號可不能亂標,確保用逗號分隔的每一個片段,都有著獨立完整的語法,單獨作為一個句子也沒問題。

      錯誤:Tests of the Shroud of Turin have produced some curious findings.For example,the pollen of forty-eight plants native to Europe and the Middle East.

      缺乏主語

      訂正:Tests of the Shroud of Turin have produced some curious findings.For example,the cloth contains the pollen of forty-eight plants native to Europe and the Middle East.

      錯誤:Scientists report no human deaths due to excessive caffeine consumption.Although caffeine does cause convulsions and death in certain animals.

      標點符號不對,后半句不能作為一個完整的句子。

      訂正:Scientists report no human deaths due to excessive caffeine consumption,although caffeine does cause convulsions and death in certain animals.

      2.SENTENCE SPRAWL 過于雜亂的句子

      第二種常見錯誤,在于太多同類詞語堆砌導致句子看上去啰嗦復雜。

      錯誤:The hearing was planned for Monday,December 2,but not all of the witnesses could be available,so it was rescheduled for the following Friday,and then all the witnesses could attend.

      句子本身沒有語法錯誤,但表述太過于混亂。

      原句表達的意思:聽證會計劃于12月2日星期一舉行,但并非所有證人都可以參加,所以在下周五重新安排,然后所有證人都可以參加。

      其實只要說:計劃于12月2日星期一舉行的聽證會將在下周五重新安排,以便所有證人都能參加。

      訂正:The hearing,which had been planned for Monday,December 2,was rescheduled for the following Friday so that all witnesses would be able to attend.

      3.MISPLACED AND DANGLING MODIFIERS 不合時宜的修飾語

      修飾語自然應該在被修飾的對象附近,而不是跑偏了或者被修飾的對象壓根就不再句子里。此外,不要亂添加不必要的修飾語。

      錯誤:When writing a proposal,an original task is set for research.

      訂正:When writing a proposal,a scholar sets an original task for research.

      錯誤:Many tourists visit Arlington National Cemetery,where veterans and military personnel are buried every day from 9:00 a.m.until 5:00 p.m.

      正確:Every day from 9:00 a.m.until 5:00 p.m.,many tourists visit Arlington National Cemetery,where veterans and military personnel are buried.

      4.FAULTY PARALLELISM 錯誤的并列

      進行并列,也是要使用相同的語法構成。這一點我們都知道,但是在寫的時候常常容易遺漏。

      錯誤:The candidate’s goals include winning the election,a national health program,and the educational system.

      贏得選舉,國家健康項目和教育系統?

      訂正:The candidate’s goals include winning the election,enacting a national health program,and improving the educational system.

      贏得選舉,頒布國家健康計劃以及改善教育體系。

      錯誤:Some critics are not so much opposed to capital punishment as postponing it for so long.

      訂正:Some critics are not so much opposed to capital punishment as they are to postponing it for so long.

      5.UNCLEAR PRONOUN REFERENCE 指代不明

      莫名想到初到國外點餐,都是this,this,that,可惜寫作不能指手畫腳,那就只能明確的說“this is Hamburger.”在使用it,they,this,that,these,those,and which,這類的詞的時候也一定要指代明確哦~而且代詞代的是名詞,不會有人搞錯吧?

      不明確:Einstein was a brilliant mathematician.This is how he was able to explain the universe.

      愛因斯坦很聰明,愛因斯坦能夠解讀宇宙的原因?

      明確:Einstein,who was a brilliant mathematician,used his ability with numbers to explain the universe.

      不明確:Because Senator Martin is less interested in the environment than in economic development,he sometimes neglects it.

      到底忽略的是環境還是經濟發展?

      明確:Because of his interest in economic development,Senator Martin sometimes neglects the environment.

      6.INCORRECT PRONOUN CASE 錯誤的代詞使用

      請確定代詞是否被用作句子中的主語,對象或所有格,并選擇要匹配的代詞形式。

      錯誤:Castro’s communist principles inevitably led to an ideological conflict between he and President Kennedy.

      正確:Castro’s communist principles inevitably led to an ideological conflict between him and President Kennedy.

      錯誤:Because strict constructionists recommend fidelity to the Constitution as written,no one objects more than them to judicial reinterpretation.

      正確:Because strict constructionists recommend fidelity to the Constitution as written,no one objects more than they[do]to judicial reinterpretation.

      7.OMITTED COMMAS 略掉的逗號

      逗號的作用是什么?使用逗號來標明非限制性或非必要的材料,以防止混淆,并指出想法和句子部分之間的關系。這才是逗號的正確使用。

      錯誤:When it comes to eating people differ in their tastes.

      正確:When it comes to eating,people differ in their tastes.

      錯誤:The Huns who were Mongolian invaded Gaul in 451.

      蒙古族的匈奴人在451年入侵了高盧。

      正確:The Huns,who were Mongolian,invaded Gaul in 451.

      匈奴人,是蒙古族的,他們在451年入侵了高盧。

      “誰是蒙古人”增加了信息,但沒有改變句子的核心含義,因為匈奴人是蒙古人;因此,這個部分是非限制性的或非必要的。

      8.SUPERFLUOUS COMMAS 多余的逗號

      多余的,逗號,讓句子,難以閱讀,比如,我這句,就是。

      比較多余:Field trips are required,in several courses,such as,botany and geology.

      訂正:Field trips are required in several courses,such as botany and geology.

      去掉多余的逗號

      比較多余:The term,“scientific illiteracy,”has become almost a cliche,in educational circles.

      訂正:The term“scientific illiteracy”has become almost a cliche in educational circles.

      9.COMMA SPLICES 逗號的拼接

      不要用逗號連接兩個獨立的子句(除非你使用協調連詞:and,or,but,for,nor,so,yet)遇到這種情況請使用句號或分號,或重寫句子。

      逗號拼接:In 1952 Japan’s gross national product was one third that of France,by the late 1970s it was larger than the GNPs of France and Britain combined.

      訂正:In 1952 Japan’s gross national product was one third that of France.By the late 1970s it was larger than the GNPs of France and Britain combined.

      逗號改句號

      逗號拼接:Diseased coronary arteries are often surgically bypassed,however half of all bypass grafts fail within ten years.

      訂正:Diseased coronary arteries are often surgically bypassed;however,half of all bypass grafts fail within ten years.

      逗號改分號

      10.APOSTROPHE ERRORS 撇號的錯誤

      撇號表示名詞的歸屬(“Jim’s hat,”“several years’work”),但不代表人稱代詞(its,your,their,and whose)。撇號也可表明縮寫(“it’s”=“it is”)。通常,不用于表示復數。

      錯誤:In the current conflict its uncertain who’s borders their contesting.

      訂正:In the current conflict it is[it’s]uncertain whose borders they are[they’re]contesting.

      錯誤:The Aztecs ritual’s of renewal increased in frequency over the course of time.

      訂正:The Aztecs’rituals of renewal increased in frequency over the course of time.

      11.WORDS EASILY CONFUSED 容易混淆的詞

      比如說:“Effect”經常做名詞用(the effect),“affect”經常作為動詞用?!發ead”/”led”and“accept”/”except.”分的清嗎?寫作時,要認真檢查哦!

      錯誤:The recession had a negative affect on sales.

      訂正:The recession had a negative effect on sales.(or)The recession affected sales negatively.

      錯誤:The laboratory instructor chose not to offer detailed advise.

      訂正:The laboratory instructor chose not to offer detailed advice.

      12.MISSPELLINGS 拼寫錯誤

      這一點就很無奈了,有的時候一詞錯千里,還容易讓看到的導師給低分,寫作時常備詞典,以防不時之需。對了,再給同學們分享一些proofreading注意事項和技巧:

      Essay proofreading有哪些注意事項?
      留學生英文寫作中Proofreading的五個注意事項
      從這四個方面入手做好Essay Proofreading

      同學們光是完成了essay寫作可不能直接交,Essay Proofreading真的很重要!不然如果你的essay里有嚴重的問題的話很容易被fail!語法潤色,說到底是一個細致活兒!需要proofreading修改潤色服務的同學可以掃描右邊的二維碼聯系我們的客服哦!你只需動動鼠標,或者動動拇指,就能輕松解決各種留學的難題。留學咨詢、留學申請、留學文書、材料翻譯,我們的服務都是全年無休的,品質和效率都能滿足您的需求。

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