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六種Essay代寫邏輯結構分享

發表時間:2019-10-14 10:46:52

      任何一種類型的Essay寫作都應遵循一種邏輯結構,Long Essay可能在不同部分依據情況使用不同的邏輯結構。作為專業Essay 本代寫機構,本文Meeloun論文網為大家分享六種常見留學生Essay寫作邏輯結構,為方便閱讀本文采用中英文對照方式。

六種Essay代寫邏輯結構分享

六種邏輯寫作結構
Six Logical Writing Structures

      每一篇文章,無論是求職信、新聞文章還是虛構的短篇小說,都有自己的結構。
      Every piece of writing, whether it is a cover letter for a job application, a news article, or a fictional short story, has its own structure. 

      把結構想象成一篇文章的骨架。
      Think of structure as the skeleton of a piece of writing. 

      它是作品最基本的部分,所有這些都連接在一起,形成一個堅實統一的基礎,在這個基礎上,你——作家和創造者——將會創造出一些獨特的東西。
      It is the bare bones of the piece, all connected to form a solid, uniform foundation upon which you, the writer and the creator, will build something unique. 

      例如,人類都有幾乎相同的基本骨骼。
      Humans, for example, all have nearly identical basic skeletons. 
然而,正是骨骼上的一切——肌肉、面部特征、形狀、曲線、個性,甚至衣服和配飾——讓每個人都獨一無二。

      However, it’s everything that goes on top of those skeletons-the muscles, the facial features, the shape, the curves, the personality, and even the clothes and accessories-that makes each human unique.

      還記得每年秋天你回到小學的第一天就被分配了五段式短文嗎?
      Remember being assigned five-paragraph essays on your first day back to grade school every fall? 

      五段式短文通常會被命名為“我今年夏天做了什么”,這種短文會被要求包含一個引言、由三個支持段落組成的主體內容和一個結論。推薦閱讀:五段式Essay及Outline寫作步驟詳盡解析
      They’d usually be titled "What I Did This Summer," and they’d be assigned to have an introduction, three supporting paragraphs making up the body of the work, and a conclusion. 

      這種通用格式是六種通用寫作結構的基礎,它們既可以用于正式的書面交流,也可以用于非正式的書面交流。
      This general format is the root of the six common writing structures that can be used for both formal and informal written communication.

第一類:范疇式結構
Categorical structure
      范疇式結構并行地處理一系列同等重要的主題。
      Or you might employ this technique in a letter explaining why you have decided to resign from your job.

      你可以在求職申請的求職信中使用類似的結構,在求職信中,你可以描述所有能讓你成為該職位理想候選人的特質。
      You might use a similar structure in a cover letter for a job application, in which you describe all of your traits that would make you an ideal candidate for the position.

      范疇化結構也可以稱為直接了當結構——譯者注
      In a categorical structure, a series of equally important topics are addressed. 

第二類:評估型結構
Evaluative structure

      在評估Essay寫作結構中,引入一個問題,然后對該問題寫下權衡利與弊的內容。
      In an evaluative essay writingstructure, a problem is introduced, and then pros and cons are weighed. 

      在寫電子郵件時,你可以使用一種評估結構來征求密友的建議。
      You might employ an evaluative structure when writing an e-mail to ask a close friend for advice.

第三類:序時結構
Chronological structure

      當你的焦點更多的是故事的實際講述而不是最終結果時,采用序時結構。
      When your focus is more the actual telling of the story than the end result, employ a chronological structure. 

      想想講笑話?!叭齻€人走進一家酒吧…”設置了一系列事件來傳遞最后一句妙語。
      Think of joke telling. "Three guys walk into a bar…" sets up a sequence of events to deliver that final punch line. 

      同樣,大多數短篇故事和小說都是按時間順序寫的。
      Similarly, most short stories and novels are written chronologically.


第四類:比較型結構
Comparative structure

      這種結構類似于評估,但它是在手頭的情況有更多層次被權衡時使用的。
      This structure is similar to evaluative, but it is used when there are more layers to the situation at hand that is being weighed. 

      如果你正在為辯論隊寫一篇演講,你可以用一個比較結構來解釋為什么你覺得自己的觀點比對手的觀點更強的各種原因。
      You might use a comparative structure if you were writing a speech for a debate team to explain the various reasons why you feel your point is stronger than your opponent’s. 

      或者你可以用比較結構給編輯寫一封信,解釋你不同意市議會決定提高地方稅的所有原因。
      Or you might use a comparative structure to write a letter to the editor explaining all the reasons you disagree with the city council’s decision to raise local taxes.

第五類:順序式結構
  Sequential structure
      這種Essay結構類似于序時式,但是在描述一個逐步的過程時,通常與操作方法一起使用。
      This structure is similar to Chronological, but is normally employed with a how-to voice when a step-by-step process is being described. 

      如果你要寫如何制作你著名的巧克力夾心蛋糕,或者如何享用你在鄉下發現的豐盛的早餐,你會按順序寫,用“第一”、“下一步”、“然后”和“最后”這樣的詞來闡明你的說明。
      If you were going to write about how to make your famous chocolate layer cake, or how to get to a great bed-and-breakfast you discovered out in the country, you would write sequentially, using words like, "First," "Next," "Then," and "Finally" to clarify your instructions.

第六類:因果結構
Causal structure
      這種結構乍看起來可能類似于比較結構,但它的不同之處在于它不涉及權衡利弊的選項。
      This structure might at first glance seem similar to Comparative structures, but it differs in that it does not involve weighing options against one another. 

      相反,它按順序討論某個特定主題或問題的原因和影響。
      Instead, it discusses the causes and then the effects regarding a particular topic or issue in that order. 

      如果你正在寫一篇關于事情是如何發生的文章,比如造成空氣污染的因素,你可以使用這個結構。
      You might use this structure if you were writing an article on how something has come about, such as the contributing factors to air pollution. 

      或者你可以在一封解釋你為什么決定辭職的信中使用這種技巧。
      Or you might employ this technique in a letter explaining why you have decided to resign from your job.

      以上便是Meeloun為各位小伙伴們分享的六種常見的邏輯結構,希望大家在了解掌握之后順利運用到自己的日常Essay寫作當中去。鑒于有些同學寫作能力較差,推薦選擇Essay代寫完成,而我們MEELOUN作為專業Essay代寫機構,熟知各類Essay寫作格式技巧,多年代寫經驗,更具地道思維模式,確保為大家寫出最滿意的Essay,歡迎咨詢網站客服哦~

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