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英國Report代寫攻略

發表時間:2020-01-19 15:10:20

       Report寫作大概是一個讓留學生欲哭無淚的話題,特別是對于拖延癥晚期的小伙伴們來說,ddl前3個小時大概是效率最高的,不會寫的話也只能找英國report代寫機構,不過本文中小編就給大家整理了一份萬字箴言,幫助大家寫出更好的英國論文。

英國Report代寫攻略

英國Report代寫攻略

       寫學術文章Academic Writing是英國大學的重要組成部分,一是考察你對本課程學習,二是很看重學生自主學習Independent Study的程度和能力,三是你的學術能力,及杜絕剽竊和學術格式。

       都說中國人和老外寫東西不同,老外把好東西放在最開始,雅思找閱讀答案80%的topic sentence都在第一二句,中國人把好東西放在箱子底下,找重點,一定要去最后的最后找,所以先忘記以前的思維定式吧。

       怎樣寫出一篇打動英國老師的Report呢,首先我們先看一下

       Report寫作評分標準:


       1.Whole Text:Task achievement

       2.Structure&Argument:

       Development of ideas/argument

       Paragraph structure and coherence

       3.Academic Conventions:

       Acknowledgement of sources

       In-text citations

       Reference list

       4.Use of Sources:

       Understanding of sources

       Selection of sources

       5.Cohesion:

       Range&Accuracy

       6.Grammar:

       Range&Accuracy

       7.Lexis/Vocabulary:

       Lexical Range&accuracy

       Discipline-related language

       Use of language

       老師改完你的draft以后會發給你一個表格,每一欄會把你得分的區間高光。

       英國打分不像國內是滿分制100分,而是百分數,分級情況40%及格,40-50%中等,50-60%良好,60-70%優秀,70%以上是excellent。關于這個評分,不同學校,不同專業要求,不同老師喜好,老師打的分可能要寫差別,有些老師高些,有些老師嚴些,本科和研究生好像也是有點區別的。但是70%以上確實是很好的,用我一個老師說的話,一個年級的平均分大概在50-58%之間,出現75%甚至80%甚至90%以上的一定要有第2個老師打分確認。

       根據這個表格和老師的comment來修改和完成Report,最終分數也會有一個這樣的表格高光每一欄,如果對分數有疑問可以發郵件問老師,根據評分標準,每個評分標準得分綜合為你的最后總分。

       Report寫作格式要求


       ·Double-Spacing:Your text should be double-spaced.有時候要求1.5倍行距,老師會說

       ·Font:Arial

       ·Font Size:Titles-14 point/Main Body Text-12 point(Use the same font size and font style throughout your assignment.)

       ·Page Numbers for Report:Each page should be numbered at the bottom on the right

       ·Reference List for Report:At the end of your Report put the sub-heading‘References’.List in alphabetical order all of the materials you have referred to in your Report

       ·Cover Page for Report:You should include a front cover page for your assignment.The Language Centre’s cover page is on the VLE in the assessment folder

       Report寫作選題和題綱


       關于選題,因為老師會給一些題目范圍,可以從中選擇自己比較了解的寫,不過在寫的過程中碰到無法解決的問題,不妨換個題目重新開始,不用一條路走到黑。

       確定題目以后,需要寫個題綱理清思路,大致分配一下各部分的字數,下面是一個關于food security的sample.

       Report outline

       Introduction

       -Context–why is this topic important?

       -Definition of key terms:food security,developing countries,developed countries

       -Overview of the Report structure

       -Your position/stance/view

       Main body 1

       Factor 1 Not-for-profit regulatory systems

       Definition

       Developing countries-examples

       Developed countries-examples

       Similarities/differences

       Factor 2(as factor 1)

       Factor 3(as factor 1)

       Factor 4(as factor 1)

       Main body 2

       Section 1:Developing countries–comparedifferent factors

       Section 2:Developed countries–comparedifferent factors

       這個plan比較簡單,可以按自己的文章結構加東西變得更詳細,寫完plan就可以收集材料寫draft了。用的最多的就是Google學術和學校圖書館網站,當然也可以在圖書館看紙質的書。
英國Report代寫

       Report寫作中的Referencing


       首先,嚴格的學術論文不能出現I think,in my opinion,my points,we,us,等等體現自己主觀觀點的詞語和觀點,因為我們作為學生畢竟不是一個領域的專家,還不能夠在這種學生作業中出現自己觀點,尤其作為主觀點討論。如果確實有自己的觀點,就要拿捏分寸,放得位置(通常臨結尾),說的分量,怎么說,個人建議,千萬不要又說自己的觀點,又很傻的用I think等明顯不專業的詞語。

       除非論文的要求里有結合your own experience來談。

       再說簡單的,也是中國學生初到英國最為不習慣而又要最為學會的——引用Referencing

       Report寫作常用引用格式


       間接引用

       ·It is noted(Lucy,2000;Lily,2001)that..括號內作者姓Family name,作品年代

       ·Lucy(2000)has said that··作者說,作者姓,緊接著作品年代

       ·如果是兩個作者Lucy and Lily(2000)have argue that···

       ·如果是多個作者Lucy et al.(2000)suggested that··通常情況如果作者過世,用過去時動詞,否則不用

       ·如果沒有確切的作者,作者姓名用文章所在單位,比如BBC,比如某書的名字xxx(2000)defines··

       ·如果沒有年代,則括號(no date)

       特別特別強調和注意:區分直接引用!!

       上述省略號內的內容是你用自己的話復述作者的觀點,你可以總結,你可以用你的理解重新拆分句子結構重新組織語言表達作者的寫的內容,這是間接引用。如果你是直接一次不差的引用,而是直接引用,及copy,則·Lucy(2000,p8)explains that‘···’.引用里面是你直接抄的內容,括號內要注明這段內容的在書籍里面的位置,即頁數即可。

       注意哦:寫好的文章會傳到論文檢測系統,文章里超過20%內容直接copy,你的文章就被視為剽竊,老師都不會看你的文章,直接重寫,或者說嚴重,直接0分處理了。另外就是再次強調,用了別人的觀點,一定要說是誰的,什么時候的,不寫清楚,也是種剽竊,而老師打分時,這部分通常和這語言分占到20%。

       Referencing的另一大頭——Reference即引用文獻清單(有些課程要求是參考文獻Bibliography,兩者差別,Reference清單內容全是文中所用內容的出處,而參考文獻是包括你看過的所有資料,即便沒有在文中使用過。到底用Reference還是Bibliography根據老師要求而定)。

       引用格式包括這個Reference的書寫有不止一個版本,我們用的是一個叫哈佛系統的Reference書寫格式。不同引用格式在作者名字,還有些標點,字體格式上有一定的出入。注意作者名字,字體,年代,文章名字,來自書的名字,報刊名字。
英國Report代寫

       Report寫作中的Critical thinking


       再說一下Critical thinking,這是說看待一個問題,應該從不同人,不同角度去看,事情并非總是非一即二的二元論。

       The following questions may be usefully asked about any text you are reading:

       Purpose and background

       Why are you reading this text?What is your purpose?

       What type of text is it:research report,Report,textbook,book review?

       What do you know about the subject of the text?

       What else has been written on the subject of the text?

       What controversies exist in this area?How does this text fit in?

       The author and the text

       Who is the author?What do you know about the author?What authority does the author have?

       Who is the intended audience?

       What is the author's purpose?Why has the text been written?

       What is the source of the text?Is it reputable?Who is the publisher?What reputation to they have?

       What is the date of publication?Is it appropriate to the argument?

       What is the writer's attitude towards the topic?

       What conclusions are drawn?

       Evidence used

       Is there a clear distinction between fact and opinion?

       Is evidence used to support arguments?How good is the evidence?Are all the points supported?

       In an experimental study,was the sample size adequate and are the statistics reliable?

       Are there any unsupported points?Are they well-known facts or generally accepted opinions?

       How does the writer use other texts and other people's ideas?

       Are the writer's conclusions reasonable in the light of the evidence presented?

       How do the conclusions relate to other similar research?

       Assumptions made

       What assumptions has the writer made?Are they valid?

       What beliefs or values does the writer hold?Are they explicit?

       Look at the language that is used,e.g.active/passive verbs,nominalisations,pronouns,ergative verbs,articles,etc.

       Look for emphatic words such as it is obvious,definitely and of course.

       Look for hedges:possible,might,perhaps.

       Look for emotional arguments,use of maximisers:completely,absolutely,entirely,or minimisers:only,just,hardly,simply,merely.

       How else could the text have been written?

       能想完這些問題,再也不用擔心自己沒有Critical thinking啦~~

       在閱讀相關領域的書籍文獻后,有些疑問被解答,有些思路變清晰,有些點子被激發,有些觀點被完善,有些想法被批判,總之,如果對自己喜歡課程感興趣,對題目感興趣,閱讀這些相關領域的文獻是很快樂過程。

       再有,完成這類作業,也是一個全方位的鍛煉吧,有目標,比如明確題目,明確評分要求,知道要寫什么,用什么關鍵詞去找文獻,進而是要靜得下心來閱讀足夠量的文獻,通常3000字左右的文獻,要完成較為出色,至少要15個references以上吧,最少最少不能少過10個,剩下的就是你的introduction,main body,conclusion各個部分字數分布,內容安排都需要考慮,寫完后格式,語法,用詞,調整也是不能少的,作為留學生,proof reading必不可少,所以這個過程也是你自己時間安排,個人動機驅動等等的考驗。

       最后大家注意一下學校對晚交論文的懲罰,實在因為生病要晚交要申請的哦~

       Late Penalties

       University rules on penalties for late submission of coursework require 5 full marks(on the 20-90 scale)to be deducted for every period of 24 hours or part there of(including weekends)that passes after the date of required submission.This means that work submitted within 24 hours of the deadline is deducted 5 marks;work submitted between 24 and 48 hours late is deducted 10 marks,and so on.

       Extension Requests

       If extenuating circumstances prevent you from submitting coursework by the deadline you must apply for an extension.Deadline extensions for your assessments are normally only given inadvance and in cases of genuine medical or similarly serious reasons.

       字數沒達到或者超過太多也不行的~

       Penalties for exceeding the required wordcount

       If the length of the assignment exceeds the required word count by more than 10%,the mark awarded for the work affected will be reduced by 5 marks.The word count excludes bibliography and footnotes unless specific guidance isprovided otherwise.No penalty applies to work of insufficient length(the assessor will make a judgment on the marking scale of the extent to which short submissions addressed the task set).

       重復的太多就視為抄襲,所以間接引用一定要記得用自己的話rephrase~

       Declaration of Academic Integrity and Plagiarism

       By signing the declaration of academic integrity,you confirm that the work being submitted is entirely your own.Presenting someone else’s work as your own is viewed by the University plagiarism and is taken very seriously.The penalties imposed can vary from receiving a mark of zero(on the 0-100 scale)or 20(on the 20–90 scale)for a piece of work to exclusion from the University.

       以上說了這么多大家都知道怎么寫Report才能打動老師了嗎?對于沒有學術寫作基礎的小伙伴們不知道如何寫Report的話,可以找英國Report代寫機構Meeloun為您代寫,如果大家自己已經寫好了可以交給我們幫您精修潤色哦,雙重審議修改模式,確保您的Report不會再有fragment錯誤;100%按時交稿,確保ddl之前為您完美解決;100%原創保證,每一份稿件都有我們的寫作團隊親力親為,并且贈送Turnitin原創檢測報告,安全無憂,趕緊聯系網站客服提交吧~

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