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代寫Essay高分關鍵:語法高級感

發表時間:2020-05-19 09:00:33

高分Essay需要不同類型句子的適當組合。過多的短句、簡單句會使寫作變得枯燥乏味,而過多的長句、復雜句則會使寫作變得濃密難懂。作為專業代寫Essay的學術機構,今天Meeloun論文網將針對Essay寫作中的語法部分,告訴大家如何讓自己Essay的語法更具高級感。

代寫Essay高分關鍵:語法高級感

英語Essay寫作中可使用的句子有三種基本類型,即簡單句、復合句和復雜句。

一個簡單的句子包含一個獨立的從句,換言之,一個從句(一組有主語和動詞的詞)本身就可以表達一個完整的思想。

Example:

Academic writing is a difficult.
 It takes a long time to learn.

復合句有兩個獨立的分句,由一個并列連詞(for,and,nor,but,or,yet,so)或分號連接。

Example:
Academic writing is a difficult, so it takes a long time to learn.
Academic writing is a difficult; it takes a long time to learn.

復雜句有一個獨立的從句和一個或多個從屬從句,從屬從句不能單獨成為一個完整的句子。它一般包含三種類型,名詞從句、形容詞從句和狀語從句。

Example:

Some experts do not agree that global warming is a serious problem. [名詞從句]
Burning fossil fuels adds to global warming, which is one of the greatest threats to mankind. [形容詞從句]
He learned academic writing quickly even though it is difficult. [狀語從句]

名詞性從句


第一種用于創建復雜句子的從屬從句是名詞從句。名詞從句是充當名詞的從屬從句。有三種類型:that從句、wh-word從句和if/if從句。

1.that從句

that從句是由That這個詞引申而來的,很多時候這個詞常常被省略。

Example:

Scientists have concluded that greenhouse gas emissions are a serious problem.

Experts have warned governments that reduction in fossil fuel consumption is necessary.

Greene (2016) points out that class size is a key factor in school effectiveness.

The lecturer assured us that the topic would not be covered on the test.

英語Essay寫作中有許多動詞后面跟著that從句。下面是一些最常見的列表。其中許多是報告動詞,即用于報告他人的單詞或想法的動詞,以及根據它們是否需要間接對象來決定后面是否帶或不帶“to”。

that從句列表

子句中動詞的時態通常與主動詞(即獨立子句中的動詞)的時態有關。如果主動詞用在現在時,從句動詞可以用任何合適的時態。如果主句動詞是過去時,從句中的動詞通常也是過去時。不過這種情況也有例外,那就是某些“基本形式”動詞,包括:建議;詢問;命令;要求;直接;堅持;建議;建議;和敦促(advise; ask; command; demand; direct; insist; propose; recommend; suggest; and urge)。還有一些形容詞后面跟著基本形式動詞,例如:可取的;必要的;必要的;重要的;緊急的;重要的(advisable; essential; necessary; important; urgent; and vital)。

Example:

It was concluded that lack of attention caused the accident. [Past + past]

It is agreed that greater attention to the problem will be needed in future. [Present + future]

It is necessary that governments reduce reliance on fossil fuels. [Base form, reduce]

It is recommended that greater precautions be taken in future experiments. [Base form, be]

2.wh-word從句

Wh-word從句由Wh questions組成,由wh-words引入,如who, whoever, what, whatever, where, wherever, when, why, which, how, how long, how much, and how many. 由于這些從句是陳述句(而不是疑問句),詞序應該是主語+動詞,不使用疑問句中使用的助動詞(例如do、do或did)。

Example:

It is not known where the epicentre of the earthquake was.

The report explains how alpha waves are detected.

It is not known where the substance originates.

3.if/Whether從句

If/Whether從句由yes/no(是/否)問題構成,并由while或If一詞引入??梢蕴砑佣陶Z“or not”。請注意,Whether比if更正式,因此在學術Essay寫作中更常見。

Example:

The results of the experiment determined whether the drug entered human trials.

The results of the experiment determined whether the drug entered human trials or not.

The results of the experiment determined whether or not the drug entered human trials.

It is unclear if the measurements were completely accurate.

It is unclear if the measurements were completely accurate or not. [NOT ... if or not the measurements...]

形容詞從句


第二種用來高級語法句子是形容詞從句,也稱為關系從句。形容詞從句是充當形容詞的從屬從句,換言之,它修飾名詞或代詞。形容詞從句以下列關系代詞之一開頭。

Example:

who, whom [for people]

which [for non-humans or things]

whose, that [for humans, non-humans or things]

when [for time]

where [for place]

關系從句可以是限制性的(也稱為限定性的)或非限制性的(也稱為非限定性的)。限制性從句是必要的,因為它為讀者識別名詞。逗號不用于限制性子句。另一方面,非限制性從句不必用來識別名詞。它只是給讀者提供額外的信息。由于它可以省略而不失去意義,所以它用逗號與句子的其余部分分開。

Example:

The material which was used in the experiment was impure

[限制性的,因為需要用‘在實驗中使用的’這一條款來確定材料。]

The material from the experiment, which was impure, was weighed twice.

[無限制,因為‘不純潔’一詞只提供了有關材料的額外信息。]

狀語從句


第三種也是最后一種用來提高語法水準的是狀語從句。狀語從句是一種從屬從句,用來修飾獨立從句的動詞,以提供有關何時、何地、為什么、如何、多長時間或多遠的信息。它還用于顯示對比度。

狀語從句可以在獨立從句之前或之后出現。如果在前面,需要用逗號分隔這兩個子句。如果在后面,就不需要逗號。

Example:

Whenever a tectonic plate moves suddenly, an earthquake can occur.

An earthquake can occur whenever a tectonic plate moves suddenly.

狀語從句有幾種不同的類型。下面列出了不同的種類,以及介紹它們時可以使用在論文中的單詞。

狀語從句種類表

Example:

Whenever a tectonic plate moves suddenly, an earthquake can occur. [Time]

Consumers tend to shop wherever they can get the lowest price. [Place]


Since individuals lack awareness of the issue, the government needs to raise awareness. [Reason]

The readings were so inaccurate that they had to be discarded. [Result]

Precautions were taken so that the results would be more accurate. [Purpose]

The reactants were placed inside the beaker as quickly as possible. [Manner]  

Ordinary writing employs many simple and compound sentences, whereas academic writing uses more complex sentences. [Contrast (direct opposition)]

Even though academic writing uses more complex sentences than ordinary writing, it should still be clear and easy to read. [Concession (unexpected result)]

以上就是Meeloun論文網給大家整理的可以讓大家的Essay寫作語法更具高級感的幾個小技巧,希望對大家有用。歡迎有需要essay代寫的同學們掃描右側二維碼聯系我們的網站客服,我們將為大家提供原創高效、安全可靠的代寫服務,100%原創保證,每一份Essay都免費贈送Turnitin原創檢測報告,100%滿意售后,每一份Essay都支持交稿后14天內免費無限次修改直到滿意為止,最近正值期末,大家的Essay已經堆成山了吧。趕緊聯系我們的網站客服下單吧~

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