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哈佛格式參考文獻模板分享

發表時間:2020-09-25 11:25:49

        大部分留學生在完成Essay寫作時都無法理解各種引用格式,今天Meeloun小編給同學們分享哈佛格式參考文獻模板,希望能幫助大家順利完成Essay寫作!

哈佛格式參考文獻模板
哈佛格式參考文獻模板

        The Harvard referencing style is a popular style using the author-date system for in-text citations.

        哈佛參考文獻格式將引用文獻的作者名字和出版年份像(Smith,2010)一樣用括號包含起來,放在正文語句的末尾或者當中。

        哈佛參考文獻格式包含了兩個部分:

        In-text citations:在assignment中直接或間接引用其他材料時使用。(注意無逗號?。?br />
        范例:"After that I lived like a young rajah in all the capitals of Europe…"(Fitzgerald 2004).

        Reference Lists:在assignment的最末尾,總結了你引用的所有材料。(注意逗號&句號?。?br />
        基本格式:Last name,First Initial.(Year published).Title.City:Publisher,Page(s).

        范例:Fitzgerald,F.(2004).The great Gatsby.New York:Scribner.

        哈佛In-text Citations常見格式

        基礎格式

        STRUCTURE&EXAMAPLE

        (Author Date)-一般加在句末

        范例:While an activist image of workers is sometimes presented(Rodr?guez-Garavito 2005),workers are more often depicted as unwilling accomplices in factory managers’manipulations(Ngai 2005).

        Author(Date)-一般加在句中

        范例:In the long run,Saarinen(2006)argues,development of tourism may not always be the most favourable use of natural and cultural resources.

        2-3名作者(two or three authors)

        EXAMPLE

        Learning on demand is becoming a type of lifestyle in modern society(McLoughlin&Lee 2007).

        Hogg and Reid(2001)propose several social cognitive processes that may explain leadership dynamics.

        Malinowski,Miller and Guota(1995)reported the same effects…

        The sheer size and scale of the industry causes problems for analysis(Riley,Ladkin&Szivas,2002).

        多作者(4 or more authors)

        EXAMPLE

        Results of the cross-national study reported by Liu et al.(1987)indicate that concerns over impacts of tourism on the environment were shared by all the residents surveyed…

        A total of 38,350 visitors were recorded visiting those areas in 2004,including tour groups(Greiner et al.2005).

        多材料(multiple sources at one point)

        EXAMPLE

        The pace of life is slow allowing for reflection(Hofstede 1997;House et al.2004;Triandis 1994).

        Boyer,Gibson,and Loretan(1999);Forbes and Rigobon(1999);and Stambaugh(1995)note that calculating correlations conditional on high or low returns,...

        哈佛Reference List常見格式

        書籍單作者(Books with One Author)

        STRUCTURE

        Last name,First initial.(Year published).Title.Edition.(Only include the edition if it is not the first edition)City published:Publisher,Page(s).

        EXAMPLE

        One author AND first edition:

        Patterson,J.(2005).Maximum ride.New York:Little,Brown.

        One author AND NOT the first edition

        Dahl,R.(2004).Charlie and the chocolate factory.6th ed.New York:Knopf.
哈佛格式參考文獻模板

        書籍多作者(Books with Two or More Authors)

        STRUCTURE

        Last name,First initial.and Last name,First initial.(Year published).Title.City:Publisher,Page(s).

        EXAMPLE

        Desikan,S.and Ramesh,G.(2006).Software testing.Bangalore,India:Dorling Kindersley,p.156.

        Vermaat,M.,Sebok,S.,Freund,S.,Campbell,J.and Frydenberg,M.(2014).Discovering computers.Boston:Cengage Learning,pp.446-448.

        Daniels,K.,Patterson,G.and Dunston,Y.(2014).The ultimate student teaching guide.2nd ed.Los Angeles:SAGE Publications,pp.145-151.

        *Remember,when citing a book,only include the edition if it is NOT the first edition!

        章節(Chapters in Edited Books)

        STRUCTURE

        Last name,First initial.(Year published).Chapter title.In:First initial.Last name,ed.,Book Title,1st ed.*City:Publisher,Page(s).

        EXAMPLE

        Bressler,L.(2010).My girl,Kylie.In:L.Matheson,ed.,The Dogs That We Love,1st ed.Boston:Jacobson Ltd.,pp.78-92.

        *When citing a chapter in an edited book,the edition is displayed,even when it is the first edition

        不同作品同一作者(Multiple Works By The Same Author)

        EXAMPLE

        Brown,D.(1998).Digital fortress.New York:St.Martin's Press.

        Brown,D.(2003).Deception point.New York:Atria Books.

        Brown,D.(2003).The Da Vinci code.New York:Doubleday

        印刷期刊文章(Print Journal Articles)

        STRUCTURE

        Last name,First initial.(Year published).Article title.Journal,Volume(Issue),Page(s).

        EXAMPLE

        Ross,N.(2015).On Truth Content and False Consciousness in Adorno’s Aesthetic Theory.Philosophy Today,59(2),pp.269-290.

        Dismuke,C.and Egede,L.(2015).The Impact of Cognitive,Social and Physical Limitations on Income in Community Dwelling Adults With Chronic Medical and Mental Disorders.Global Journal of Health Science,7(5),pp.183-195.

        電子期刊文章(Journal Articles Found on a Database or on a Website)

        STRUCTURE

        Last name,First initial.(Year published).Article Title.Journal,[online]Volume(Issue),pages.Available at:URL[Accessed Day Mo.Year].

        EXAMPLE

        Raina,S.(2015).Establishing Correlation Between Genetics and Nonresponse.Journal of Postgraduate Medicine,[online]Volume 61(2),p.148.

        雜志(Print Magazines)

        STRUCTURE

        Last name,First initial.(Year published).Article title.Magazine,(Volume),Page(s).

        EXAMPLE

        Davidson,J.(2008).Speak her language.Men’s Health,(23),pp.104-106.

        報紙(Newspaper Articles)

        STRUCTURE

        Last name,First initial.(Year published).Article title.Newspaper,Page(s).

        EXAMPLE

        Weisman,J.(2015).Deal Reached on Fast-Track Authority for Obama on Trade Accord.The New York Times,p.A1.

        網頁(Websites)

        STRUCTURE

        Last name,First initial(Year published).Page title.[online]Website name.Available at:URL[Accessed Day Mo.Year].

        When no author is listed,use the following structure:

        Website name,(Year published).Page title.[online]Available at:URL[Accessed Day Mo.Year].

        EXAMPLE

        Messer,L.(2015).'Fancy Nancy'Optioned by Disney Junior.[online]ABC News.Available].

        Mms.com,(2015).M&M'S Official Website.[online]Available].

        電影(DVD,Video,and Film)

        STRUCTURE

        Film title.(Year published).[Format]Place of origin:Film maker.

        The place of origin refers to the place where the dvd,film,or video was made.Eg:Hollywood

        The film maker can be the director,studio,or main producer.

        EXAMPLE

        Girls Just Want To Have Fun.(1985).[film]Chicago:Alan Metter.

        以上就是Meeloun小編給同學們分享的哈佛格式參考文獻模板,大家可以收藏起來哦!需要Essay代寫等服務的同學可以掃描右邊的二維碼聯系我們的客服!

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