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英文Essay寫作常見錯誤總結

發表時間:2020-10-09 16:46:47

一篇Essay用語、結構、立意、細節等都可以影響老師對于這篇Essay印象。本文Meeloun論文網小編總結了一些英文Essay寫作中容易出現也容易被忽視的錯誤,希望能夠引起大家重視,在以后Essay寫作中要避免這些錯誤。

英文Essay寫作

The vs A/An
定冠詞/不定冠詞的使用
相信大家對這兩類冠詞已經有過了解,關于它們的使用方式也是老生常談,但這樣的小細節我們在寫作時可能會粗心忽略,所以也有必要再復習復習。

Don't Use "a," "an," or "the" with a plural count noun when you mean "some of many things," "any," "in general." 

原句:However, technology played a bigger role ten years later as the National Defense Education Act began providing schools with technology. Now, more and more schools are merging technology with education, enhancing a student’s learning experience and providing an alternative way of learning.

建議:這里,“a student's learning experience”容易讓人誤解為只有一個學生的體驗,所以可以改為復數:enhancing students' learning experience, 或用enhancing the student learning experience

原句:Second, technology in classrooms also help the teachers with their duties. The use of technology can help teachers with most of their repetitive works, thus increasing their efficiency.

建議:原句想表達的意思應該是課堂中的科技有助于老師們完成一些任務,而非特指某一群老師,所以可以去掉“the”改為:“help teachers with their duties”

a/an is used to modify non-specific or non-particular nouns. We often use “a” when we mention something for the first time, and then change to "the" when it is clear which thing we are talking about: 

原句:It was a dark night, in a cosy house with all curtains up. The television seems to be the only light late in the night.  

這一句話中用上了多個a和the,并且基本正確。第一句中,當不特指某個夜晚或房子時,可以用a。第二句中因是特指這個房中的電視,唯一的光線,及第二次提到“night”,所以用the。

一些常見的無需使用冠詞的名詞有以下幾類:
語言和國籍:Chinese, English, Spanish, Russian (除非指某個國家的人,例如:"The Spanish are known for their warm hospitality.")
運動的名稱:volleyball, hockey, baseball
學科的名稱:mathematics, biology, history, computer science

Run-on Sentence
連寫句

Run-on sentence是指兩個獨立的、完整的句子連接起來,而中間沒有放置恰當的標點符號或連接詞。這也是英文essay寫作中常見的一種錯誤,需要多加注意。

原句:Many media claim that video game is one of the most major factor why the Violence in the US is sky soaring. But as a matter of fact it not at all seems to be true. Video games offers kid with fun instead of teaching them how to commit crime. I remember there was a time when I saw all those memes on a gaming page I liked, they were all about comparing the past war crimes to the contents of the not-at-all-invented video games.

建議:這句話中,前后明顯有兩個完整的句子,其中卻用逗號連接,因此出現了run on sentence的錯誤??梢灾v逗號改為句號。
我們也可以通過加入適當的連接詞來糾正這種錯誤,如:

原句:My professor read my paper, she said it was well done.

建議:My professor read my paper, and she said it was well done.

Tense Consistency
統一時態

無論在narrative essay還是argument essay寫作中,時態的統一都是很重要的。

寫作中常涉及到講故事,除了narrative essay,寫argument essay時也會提到小故事或假定的場景。因此,文章中提到的不同事件可能有時間上的先后關系,動作完成的時間也不同。

一般來說,作者會選定并讓整篇文章保持主要的時態,只在相對于主要時態(通常是一般現在時或一般過去時)有不同時才改變時態。因此,在非敘述型,也就是常見的議論、說明類型寫作中,時態基本上是不會變化的。頻繁變更時態可能會讓文章表意不清,造成讀者的困惑。 
時態使用的原則:

1. Do not shift from one tense to another if the time frame for each action or state is the same. Do shift tense to indicate a change in time frame from one action or state to another.
如果動作發生在同一時間段,不要變化時態;如果動作發生在不同時間段,則需要變化時態。

2. Establish a primary tense for the main discourse, and use occasional shifts to other tenses to indicate changes in time frame. Controlling shifts in a paragraph or essay

先為整篇文章確定一個主要的時態,保持整篇的時態統一,只在需要變化時用不同的時態。盡量控制在段落和文章中時態的轉換。

以上就是Meeloun論文網小編為大家整理的關于在英文Essay寫作中三個比較常見的錯誤,如果有任何Essay寫作困難,歡迎選擇meeloun論文網Essay代寫服務,原創保證,通過保障,歡迎咨詢。

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